This is a roundup of some of our favorite recent graphs. You can embed interactive Plotly graphs in your webpage or blog by clicking the “</>” button from the bottom toolbar on a plot’s plot page. Another option is to adapt this HTML snippet yourself. Add the desired URL and re-size as needed.<iframe src="https://plot.ly/~cimar/250.embed?width=650&height=400" width="650" height="400" frameBorder="0" seamless="seamless" scrolling="no"></iframe>
In the words of Tammy Wynette, “sometimes it’s hard to be a woman” — but it’s hard for so many other reasons than the responsibility to stand by your man. Ladies face a lot of challenges in the workplace and the classroom, and these five plots illustrate just that.
1. Women Make Less Money than Men for the Same Jobs
This line and scatter chart is adapted from Ben Chartoff’s recreation of one that appeared in the New York Times in 2010, under the title “Why is Her Paycheck Smaller?” From the Times:Nearly every occupation has [a] seemingly unbridgeable chasm between the size of the paycheck brought home by a woman and the larger one earned by a man doing the same job.
As you can see, the gap gets wider for higher-earners, both in raw numbers and proportionally.
2. Sometimes, Being in the Minority at the Bottom Correlates to Being in the Minority at the Top…
Joshua Drew at Columbia University published a preliminary figure of the gender ratios of conference speakers to conference organizers for Society of Conservation Biology meetings. The result? If there were fewer women organizing a conference, statistically fewer women spoke at it.We graphed seven years of data from the Society of Conservation Biology annual meetings and showed a strong relationship between the number of women organizing a symposium and the number of women speaking in that symposium
Be careful drawing conclusions from this plot, though. As plot #4 shows, the relationship between representation and discrimination is complicated!
3. …and Women Are In the Severe Minority In Engineering and Technology
Randal Olson is a PhD in Computer Science, and had noticed most of his classes had a pretty paltry gender ratio. He ended up digging into the details of gender distributions across undergraduate majors over time, and writing a blog post about it:
He uncovered the fact that, particularly compared to other departments, there are proportionally few women in engineering and technological fields. While you can’t get very far these days without tripping on another article about the tech gender gap, there’s value to visualizing it — the gender ratio in Computer Science is back down to what it was in the ‘70s![The gender gap in Engineering and Technology] has severe consequences. Computer Science and Engineering majors have stagnated at less than 10% of all degrees conferred in the U.S. for the past decade, while the demand for employees with programming and engineering skills continue to outpace the supply every year.
4. Even Female Professors Tend to Favor White Males
Professors Katherine Milkman at Wharton, Dolly Chugh at NYU, and Modupe Akinola at Columbia sent thousands of identical emails to professors across the country. The emails were written in the voice of a prospective graduate student interested in the professor’s research, and requested a ten minute meeting.
Researchers randomly signed the emails with names that signaled different gender and racial identities — “Brad Anderson” is one name that they used to signal “caucasian male”, “Keisha Thomas” signaled “black female”, “Gabriella Rodriguez” signaled “hispanic female”, etc.
Then, the researchers tracked the emails for responses. Read the details here.
Basically, in every department outside the Fine Arts, emails signed with a “white male” name received more attention than almost any of the others — even when the professors were themselves women or members of a minority group.Faculty ignored requests from women and minorities at a higher rate than requests from Caucasian males, particularly in higher-paying disciplines and private institutions. Counterintuitively, the representation of women and minorities and discrimination were uncorrelated.
5. And If That Wasn’t Enough — Women are “Bossy!”
This last plot has to do with Sheryl Sandberg, who is perhaps the most famous woman in technology today. She thinks “bossy” is a gendered word, with serious consequences for young girls. Her non-profit LeanIn.org and the Girl Scouts of America have teamedup to “eradicate” it.
From the “Ban Bossy” website:When a little boy asserts himself, he’s called a “leader.” Yet when a little girl does the same, she risks being branded “bossy.” Words like bossy send a message: don’t raise your hand or speak up.
Linguist Nic Subtirelu, who writes at Linguistic Pulse, decided to investigate the actual use of the word “bossy.” Was it mostly leveled at women? Was it mostly leveled at children — (“Is the word ever used to describe anyone over the age of 11?” one skeptic asked)?
Yes, and yes.In my sample, bossy was used nearly three times as frequently for women and girls as it was for men and boys. I found no evidence to suggest that this trend is specifically related to young girls as adult women were labelled bossy at nearly the same rate relative to men as girls were to boys.
Subtirelu later discovered that only 37% of the people mentioned in the CCOA are female, which means this effect is even more dramatic.
Some men push the button as far as saying that porn is actually ‘feminist’ because women make more money than men in the industry. To which I reply that men in porn are paid to orgasm, while women are paid to suffer, which is why they deserve and receive a higher monetary compensation. But money is a bad substitute for dignity and body integrity.
I am tired of men who, by wanting so hard to justify their porn use without acknowledging the harm done to women, over-rationalise some aspect of it while closing their eyes to the obvious. And when we ask them if they would like to be treated like the women in porn, they say ‘of course not, but that does not mean that those girls don’t, it is not because YOU won’t like these things to be done to your body that THEY do not like it’. Because ‘those girls’ are so different then us, regular human beings…
The fact is that women have been brainwashed to think that enduring pain is an integral part of their duty of performing femininity. Women harm their feet to walk in high heels. Women voluntarily submit themselves to painful surgeries to have bigger breast. They go through painful waxing procedures. Women are good women when they overcome their pain with a smile. And now, thanks to porn, girls are seeking advice on the internet about how to give deepthroated blowjobs without puking and how to make anal sex less painful. Men are never expected to do such things…
The Ping-Pong Theory of Tech Sexism
An incredibly accurate read of what it’s like to be a woman in the tech industry.
As you may remember, we asked Emerald City Comicon attendees to fill out a survey after this year’s show, to get a better idea of what worked, what didn’t, and who are attendees are. The majority of the data we received will remain private to our team, but we thought this piece of information was quite interesting and worth of sharing.
In response to the question, “what is your gender?”, with a blank text box to fill in, we received a wide variety of answers. When we compile the data, these are the results:
- 52% of respondents referred to themselves as female (examples of terminology include: “cis female”, “female”, “female identifying” “girlthing”, “lady”, “Wonder Woman”)
- 46% of respondents referred to themselves as male (examples of terminology include: “cis male”, “boy”, “dood”, “I’m a MAN!”, “male”, “man?”)
- 2% of respondents referred to themselves in non-binary terms (examples of terminology include: “agender”, “genderfluid”, “genderqueer”, “non-binary”, “Is Bad-Ass a gender?”, “Cthulhu”, “a nebulous glow cloud”)
We can’t break down the responses further without risking a breach of privacy, but the responses we did receive were quite illuminating, and helpful in providing us with a more accurate view of our attendees.
So thank you for filling out the survey, and being honest with us about how you identify your gender. We will do our best to make sure every Emerald City Comicon attendee feels welcome at our convention, regardless of their gender identity or sexual orientation.
Wendy’s is doing the same thing.
Will wonders never cease.
Reblogging this because it keeps showing up on my dash and I keep not-quite raining on the parade, but it seems like everyone thinks this means something different than it does, so I guess I’ll rain on it a little bit.
I’m afraid this motion has nothing to do with conquering the gender binary or whatever Tumblr is really happy about to be reblogging it so heavily. It’s not about making little children feel like they can get whichever toy they prefer. It’d be nice if it was, but I’d be shocked if that was the case.
No, the girl toy here is a My Little Pony. Which means that the *real* reason for this notice is that a bunch of bronies, as there are bajillions of photos and videos of them doing, are coming into fast food restaurants and buying several happy meals. They threw pissy fits when asked if they wanted the “boy or girl” toy, insisting that My Little Pony isn’t for girls or whatever, again, only saying this because of overwhelming evidence that bronies do this shit. Management eventually has enough of it, asks employees to just ask if people want Skylanders or My Little Pony so they won’t have any more disgusted bronies getting mad that their precious fandom is targeted at crappy dumb little girls.
So the short version is: this little paper unfortunately means the exact opposite of what you think it means, socially speaking. It was put up because grown-ass men get all pissy when it’s suggested that they like a thing for girls.
Proof: http://www.equestriadaily.com/2014/04/editorial-how-to-buy-mcdonalds-ponies.html <— this was posted on the net’s biggest brony hive on April 10, 2014. So yeah, this is sadly not about anything else but how awful bronies are, sorry.
you raised my hopes and shattered them quite expertly, sir
SON OF A BITCH
things that do not make you a man:
- genital configuration
things that do make you a man:
- inability to slay the witch-king of angmar
this is an interesting point, although mathematically inaccurate: assuming the women:men, 0.78:1 ratio is correct, men make $1.28 for every woman’s $1
A white man makes $1.34 for every dollar that a black man makes
A white man makes $1.52 for every dollar that a latino man makes
A white man makes $1.24 for every dollar that a white woman makes
A white man makes $1.44 for every dollar that a black woman makes
A white man makes $1.67 for every dollar that a latina woman makes
That’s some bullshit right there.
Let’s take it a step further. For every hour a white man works, a black woman has to work 86 minutes to earn as much money. 57.6 hours a week compared to the white man’s 40.
Take it another step further. Assuming a Monday through Friday, 9 to 5 job, from Thursday 12:45pm through Friday end of business, a white man gets paid for his work, a black woman is, by comparison, working for free.
THE LAST LINE
This. I am tired of seing this numbers without thinking about woc. (via arobynsong)
and now, imagine the number for a Black Latina. i struggle w/even attempting to make that math work out b/c i think i’m trying to protect myself from what kind of harm that may bring to me at this moment, as an unemployed LatiNegra in the US.